|Researchers||Rehaan Ahmad, Iqra Aslam, Muhammad Shafique and Muhammad Sabieh Anwar|
|Time Frame||July 29, 2021|
|Supplementary Materials||Project ReportUser Manual|
Cosmic rays are high energy radiations that rain down on the earth in the form of Extensive Air Shower (EAS). MUONs are among the secondary particles generated from these cosmic rays. The common particles that reach the earth surface from the cosmic rays are muons, neutrinos, electrons and gamma rays.
In this product two C-Series SiPM (Silicon photomultiplier) sensors inside scintillation detectors of dimension 5x5x1 cm are placed on each other to detect the coincidence count rate because only muon has the property to penetrate through both the detectors without getting absorbed. The signal from the photomultiplier is amplified and given to the discriminator circuit that converts this analog signal into a digital signal of pulse width 500 nsec using a preset threshold. After converting the analog signal into the digital pulse, the signal is given to a micro-controller unit for pulse counting. The pulse channels are connected to the input of the ‘AND’ gate and output of the logic gate is connected to the controller for counting the coincidence rate. GUI is also latitude, longitude and altitude taken from the GPS module. BMP180 is used to collect the data for temperature and pressure of the environment.
The data is transmitted and received using ESP32 Wi-Fi modules and data is processed and displayed through a GUI developed in C#. User can easily store complete data in the excel file and also get the stored data in the transmitter using UPLOAD command or remove the file through a single click.